Dollar advances as strong U.S. data backs higher rates backdrop
NEW YORK – The U.S. dollar held gains against a basket of currencies on Thursday, bolstered by stronger-than-expected producer prices and falling jobless claims, hinting that the Federal Reserve would have to maintain its inflation-fighting interest rate hikes for longer.
Earlier, the dollar index hit six-week highs, rising to six-week peaks as well against the yen, euro, and Australian dollar. By afternoon trading, the dollar pulled back and traded within narrow ranges.
The U.S. producer price index bounced to 0.7 percent in January, after declining 0.2 percent in December. Meanwhile, jobless claims unexpectedly fell to 194,000, compared to the 200,000 claims expected, according to a Reuters poll.
“The strong PPI data and hawkish speak from Cleveland Fed President (Loretta) Mester have raised rate expectations further and this is keying the dollar’s upward move today,” said John Velis, FX and macro strategist at BNY Mellon Markets in New York.
Mester said in a speech that the Fed “has come an appreciable way in bringing policy from a very accommodative stance to a restrictive one, but I believe we have more work to do.”
BNY’s Velis said stronger labor market data and sticky inflation certainly solidified the “higher for longer” school of thought on rates.
In afternoon trading, the dollar index was up 0.2 percent at 103.93 , after earlier hitting a six-week high of 104.24. That said, it is still more than 11 percent above late September’s 20-year low.
Against the yen, the U.S. dollar also hit a six-week peak, but was last down 0.1 percent at 133.94 . Yen traders are waiting for a speech by Kazuo Ueda, the nominee to become the Bank of Japan’s next governor, at a confirmation hearing at the lower house of parliament on Feb. 24.
The interest rate futures market shows U.S. rates could peak close to 5.25 percent by July before dropping to 5 percent by the end of the year.
Thursday’s data followed strong economic numbers on Tuesday and Wednesday.
Data from the U.S. Commerce Department showed on Wednesday that U.S. retail sales rebounded sharply in January after two-straight monthly declines.
That came just a day after U.S. inflation figures showed consumer prices slowing, but still sticky. Data from earlier this month also showed that U.S. job growth accelerated sharply in January, pointing to a resilient economy.
However, the question for market watchers is how well can the economy continue to hold up, especially as rates head much higher than many originally thought.
Sterling slid 0.5 percent to $1.1985, after having lost more than 1% on Wednesday.
British inflation slowed more than expected in January and there were signs that price pressures are cooling in parts of the economy, such as services, that the Bank of England (BoE) watches closely.
The BoE has already indicated that it may stop raising rates in March and Wednesday’s inflation data reinforced that view.
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