Low wages, the flip-side to Germany’s economic miracle

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A woman cycles past a union poster in Berlin, advocating an 8.50 euros national minimum wage. The center-left Social Democratic Party, currently in opposition, has made the minimum wage a central part of its election campaign ahead of the country’s Sept. 22, 2013 ballot, claiming that growing numbers of Germans are being pushed into poverty because of low salaries. AP

BERLIN – Chancellor Angela Merkel often boasts during the campaign for September 22 elections that Germany has one of Europe’s lowest jobless rates – at around 6.8 percent. But it comes at a price.

As many as three million people in Europe’s top economy earn less than six euros ($7.90) per hour, meaning Germany has one of the biggest shares of low wages in Europe, a fact that Merkel’s critics have jumped on in the campaign.

“We’ve become a country of low wages,” sighs charity worker Renate Stark, who everyday confronts the struggle of workers paid too little to make ends meet, despite Germany’s booming economy.

From pizza deliverers earning an hourly six euros, to young journalists on less than 750 euros a month, the 55-year old social assistant for the Catholic Caritas organization in Berlin can reel off many such examples.

One man Stark helps has been working as a packer at an online sales company in the German capital for four years on 3.50 euros an hour and can’t find another job despite dozens of applications.

Like hundreds of others, Stark said, he mostly scrapes by thanks to certain welfare benefits, but when that’s not enough, “when the washing machine breaks down or an electricity bill arrives unexpectedly,” he turns to charities.

“I experience it here daily,” she told AFP. “I began this job 21 years ago and it wasn’t like that. The situation has become really serious in the past five or six years. It’s very clear.”

To be sure, many of those employed by Germany’s mighty industrial giants, for example in the automobile sector, enjoy enviable conditions. But unlike most of its European partners, Germany has no national minimum wage.

According to figures compiled by the IAQ Institute for Work, Skills and Training, more than one in five employees, or nearly seven million people, earned less than 8.50 euros per hour in 2011.

By comparison, the minimum wage in France is just under 9.50 euros per hour.

Furthermore, the boom in low-wage jobs has been accompanied by a corresponding rise in “precarious” work, such as part-time or temporary work.

There are also so-called “mini-jobs” where employees are paid a maximum of 450 euros a month and are exempt from paying social or welfare contributions.

Nearly eight million people were in such low-pay or mini-job forms of employment in 2012, almost twice as many as 20 years ago, according to data by the federal statistics office Destatis.

“Germany is the EU country where the proportion of low-wage jobs is highest behind Hungary and the United Kingdom,” said the OECD’s German expert, Andreas Kappeler, pointing to a 2010 study.

“Between 1985 and 2008, the wage gap between high and low pay has widened in Germany much faster than in the other OECD countries,” he said.

Women and all Germans in the much poorer have been the most affected by rising impoverishment since sweeping reforms were pushed through under the former Social Democrat (SPD) chancellor, Gerhard Schroeder, between 2003 and 2005.

SPD chancellor candidate Peer Steinbrueck has acknowledged the flip-side to these policies, known as Agenda 2010, whose aim was to make the economy more competitive, slash welfare payments and make it easier to hire and fire employees.

Economists attribute Germany’s success in bringing down its jobless total from more than 5.0 million in 2005 to these reforms.

Steinbrueck has promised to introduce a general minimum wage of 8.50 euros as one of his first moves if he is elected chancellor.

For her part, Merkel has said she wants to compel unions and employers to agree minimum wage deals by sector and region.

The process has already begun. Giant service sector union Verdi, for example, recently negotiated a minimum wage of 8.50 euros for hairdressers by 2015, the thirteenth such sector-wide agreement.

While Merkel occasionally denounces some “unacceptable” salaries, she has rejected a nationwide minimum wage which, she sees as the root of Europe’s high levels of unemployment.

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of INQUIRER.net. We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • Ornbort

    at least there social services are decent, unlike here where people would rather flaunt their wealth at the expense of people starving in the streets in their own filth.

  • Al Calde

    You didnt mention that the goods are 50% less cheaper compared to other eu Countries.

  • koolkid_inthehouse

    Low wages but lots of jobs. Decent full time jobs.

    • wawa2172

      Tama ka bro and I commend the german legislature for the job well done. Hindi katulad sa bansa natin that the senate president receives almost 50M pesos as honorarium as chair of the so many oversight committee in the upper house. Isipin natin kung ilang trabaho ang maibibigay nito sa gobyerno. Mantakin natin that aside sa PDAF scam ang mga honoraria nang mga lawmakers as member of the committees at ang bonuses na tinatangap nila sa savings. Sa congress pa lang iyan, di pa kasali ang executive at judiciary niyan.

      • koolkid_inthehouse

        FAKE senators and congresspersons of the Philippines.

    • riza888

      And when you get your German citizenship, you get a lifetime of free health care!

      • koolkid_inthehouse

        Germans are patriotic, proud of their country, culture, people and hardworking and honest.

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