China issues draft guidelines to rein in lithium battery sector

China issues draft guidelines to rein in lithium battery industry

/ 12:16 PM May 09, 2024

BEIJING — China has released draft guidelines aimed at reining in the country’s lithium battery industry, which has been in Western crosshairs over fears subsidized overproduction could flood global markets with cut-price exports.

Lithium-ion batteries are a form of rechargeable energy storage used in everything from electric cars to scooters, laptops, and motorized wheelchairs.

China is the world’s largest lithium battery market, accounting for some 57 percent of global demand in 2022, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit.


The country’s exports have also risen sharply in recent years, including a 33 percent on-year jump in 2023, according to state media reports.


Not legally binding, merely a guide

Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Wednesday — which will not be legally binding and are instead aimed at “encouraging and guiding” the sector — stressed that lithium battery companies must avoid “projects that purely expand capacity”.

READ: Threatened by shortages, EV makers race for lithium supplies for batteries 

They should instead “strengthen technical innovation, raise product quality and lower production costs”, the document said.

The guidelines also urge firms against building production facilities on protected farmland or ecologically important areas.

Existing factories in protected areas should be shut down or “strictly control their scale and gradually move away”, according to the document.

READ: China unveils $72-B tax break for EVs, other green cars to spur demand


The ministry also called on companies to obey national workplace safety laws and comply with existing product standards.

Foreign officials have warned that with Chinese government support creating more production capacity than global markets can absorb, a flood of cheap exports in key sectors including renewable energy and lithium batteries could hurt industries elsewhere.

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Beijing has hit back at Western fears, with Chinese President Xi Jinping this week telling European leaders the “so-called ‘problem of China’s overcapacity’ does not exist either from the perspective of comparative advantage or in light of global demand.”

TAGS: Battery, China

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