Unraveling bitcoin halving
Money Matters

Unraveling bitcoin halving

In the dynamic and ever-evolving realm of cryptocurrency, few events capture the attention of investors and enthusiasts like the bitcoin halving.

This phenomenon, programmed into the very fabric of bitcoin’s protocol, is a significant event that occurs approximately every four years, altering the landscape of the digital currency market.

In this article, we’ll explore what bitcoin halving is, its historical context, and the potential impact it can have on crypto investments.


Understanding bitcoin halving

Bitcoin halving, also known as the “halving,” is a predetermined event in the bitcoin network where the reward that miners receive for validating transactions and securing the network is cut in half. This reduction occurs approximately every 210,000 blocks, which translates to roughly every four years.


READ: Bitcoin world faces ‘halving’: what’s happening?

The process is encoded in the bitcoin protocol by its mysterious creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, and serves as a mechanism to control the supply of new bitcoins, ultimately leading to a fixed and capped total supply of 21 million.

The halving mechanism

When Bitcoin was launched in 2009, miners were rewarded with 50 bitcoins for every block they successfully mined. However, in 2012, the first halving event occurred, reducing the reward to 25 bitcoins.

In 2016, the second halving took place, further reducing the reward to 12.5 bitcoins per block. In 2020, another halving cut the reward to 6.25 bitcoins.

The most recent halving occurred on April 19 this year, when the reward was halved once again, this time to 3.125 bitcoins. This predictable and controlled reduction in mining rewards continues until the maximum supply of 21 million bitcoins is reached, likely around the year 2140.

Historical impact on bitcoin price

One of the most intriguing aspects of bitcoin halving is its historical impact on the cryptocurrency’s price. Observing the previous halving events, a common pattern emerges: each halving is followed by a significant surge in the value of bitcoin. While past performance is not indicative of future results, understanding the historical context can provide valuable insights for investors.


The first halving in 2012 was followed by a remarkable bull run, propelling the price from around $12 to over $1,000 within a year.

The 2016 halving witnessed a similar trend, with bitcoin surging from around $650 to more than $19,000 by the end of 2017.

The 2020 halving, despite occurring amid a global pandemic, sparked another bull market, driving bitcoin’s price to new all-time highs.

Potential impact on crypto investments

Bitcoin halving has the potential to significantly impact crypto investments in various ways.

Supply and demand dynamics

The reduction in mining rewards directly affects the rate at which new bitcoins are introduced into circulation. With a diminishing supply, the scarcity of bitcoin tends to increase, creating a supply and demand imbalance that historically results in upward price pressure. Investors often anticipate this scarcity, leading to increased demand as the halving event approaches.

Market sentiment and speculation

The psychological impact of bitcoin halving plays a crucial role in shaping market sentiment. As news and speculation surrounding the event intensify, investors may become more optimistic about bitcoin’s future value, leading to increased buying activity. This speculative behavior can create a self-fulfilling prophecy, driving prices higher in the short to medium term.

Altcoin dynamics

While bitcoin’s price tends to dominate discussions during halving events, the broader cryptocurrency market is not immune to its effects.

Altcoins, or alternative cryptocurrencies, often experience increased volatility and price movements in tandem with bitcoin. Investors should be mindful of potential opportunities and risks across the entire crypto landscape.

Long-term investment strategy

Bitcoin halving events prompt investors to reevaluate their long-term investment strategies. With a fixed supply and increasing scarcity, some view bitcoin as a store of value akin to digital gold.

Investors may adjust their portfolios, allocating a percentage of their holdings to bitcoin as a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainties.

In the world of cryptocurrency investments, the bitcoin halving stands out as a pivotal event that can shape market dynamics and influence investor behavior.

While past performance does not guarantee future results, the historical patterns observed after each halving event have sparked optimism among many in the crypto community.

With the recent halving this 2024, investors should remain vigilant, conduct thorough research, and consider the potential impact on their portfolios.

Whether viewed as a unique market phenomenon or a fundamental shift in the cryptocurrency landscape, the bitcoin halving continues to captivate the attention of those navigating the exciting and unpredictable world of digital assets. INQ

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Randell Tiongson is a registered financial planner of RFP Philippines. To learn more about financial planning, attend the 107th RFP program this May 2024. Email [email protected] or visit rfp.ph.

TAGS: Bitcoin, Money Matters

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