Japan's economy recovers to full capacity
Keeps BOJ rate hike hopes alive

Japan’s economy recovers to full capacity

/ 04:55 PM April 03, 2024

Japan's economy recovers to full capacity

A man walks past the Bank of Japan building in Tokyo, Japan March 18, 2024. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon/File photo

TOKYO — Japan’s economic output recovered to full capacity for the first time in about four years in the October-December quarter, a positive sign that may allow the central bank to raise interest rates again.

Japan’s output gap, which measures the difference between an economy’s actual and potential output, stood at +0.02 percent in the final quarter of last year, an estimate by the Bank of Japan (BOJ) showed on Wednesday.


It followed a reading of -0.37 percent in the third quarter, and was the first positive reading in 15 quarters.


READ: Japan Q4 GDP revised up to slight expansion, economy avoids recession

The output gap is among data the BOJ watches closely in determining whether the economy is expanding strongly enough to propel a demand-driven rise in inflation.

A positive output gap occurs when actual output exceeds the economy’s full capacity, and is considered a sign of strong demand. It is seen by analysts as one of a handful of prerequisites for wages to rise more, and push inflation sustainably around the BOJ’s 2 percent target.

The BOJ ended eight years of negative interest rates and other remnants of its unorthodox policy last month, making a historic shift away from its focus on quashing deflation and reflating growth with decades of massive monetary stimulus.

READ: Bank of Japan ends negative rates, closing era of radical policy

Markets are on the look-out for any clues on how soon the central bank could raise interest rates again.


Expectations that the BOJ will go slow in any further rate hikes have pushed the yen down to near 152 to the dollar, a level seen by markets as heightening the chance of yen-buying intervention by Japanese authorities.

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TAGS: Bank of Japan, economy, inflation rate, Japan

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