South Korean economy shrank in Q4 for first time in 2-1/2 years
SEOUL – South Korea’s economy contracted in the final quarter of 2022 for the first time in 2-1/2 years, as a post-pandemic spending spree faded and global trade tumbled, central bank estimates showed on Thursday.
Gross domestic product (GDP) shrank 0.4 percent in the October-December period from the previous quarter, the Bank of Korea estimated, after a 0.3 percent gain in the July-September quarter. Economists in a Reuters poll had expected a 0.3- percent fall.
Leading the first GDP decline since the second quarter of 2020 were losses of 5.8 percent in exports and 0.4 percent in private consumption, whereas government spending posted a sharp 3.2-percent increase, the central bank estimates showed.
Fourth-quarter 2022 GDP was 1.4 percent higher than a year earlier, compared with a 3.1-percent annual gain seen in the third quarter and the 1.5 percent forecast in the poll.
The central bank estimated that in 2022 the full-year value of the economy, Asia’s fourth-largest, had been 2.6 percent larger than in 2021, when it showed growth of 4.1 percent. The average growth in full-year GDP for 2017 to 2021 was 2.3 percent a year.
The central bank’s latest growth forecast for 2023 full-year GDP is 1.7 percent, but its warning this month that it might downgrade that outlook prompted investors to bet that its Jan. 13 interest rate rise had marked the end of a tightening cycle that began in August 2021.
South Koreans spent heavily on consumption after pandemic controls were removed by early 2022, but spending behaviour has since returned to more normal levels. This has occurred just as demand for South Korean exports has declined with the weakening of foreign economies subject to interest rate rises aimed at containing inflation.