Dollar hits four-week peak on resilient U.S. jobs market
LONDON – The dollar held near an almost one-month high on Friday, after U.S. economic data highlighted a still-tight labor market that could keep the Federal Reserve on its aggressive rate hike path.
The number of Americans filing new claims for jobless benefits dropped to a three-month low last week while layoffs fell 43 percent in December, data on Thursday showed.
A separate report also revealed that private employment increased by 235,000 jobs last month, far exceeding expectations for a 150,000 increase.
Against a basket of currencies, the U.S. dollar index rose 0.2 percent to 105.3, having briefly touched a four-week peak of 105.36.
The index was on track for a weekly gain of more than 1.8 percent, its largest since September.
“Strong labor market data means the narrative that the Fed can keep hiking interest rates is alive,” said Giles Coghlan, chief market analyst at HYCM.
“That’s why we saw the reaction in the dollar to the positive labour data yesterday,” Coghlan added.
Most major currencies were nursing losses on Friday, after the surging greenback knocked them to multi-week lows in the previous session.
The euro extended on the 0.8 percent decline in the previous session to touch a more than three-week low of $1.05075.
Against the Japanese yen, the dollar climbed 0.7 percent to hit 134.45 yen, its highest level in over a week.
Markets now turn their attention to the closely-watched nonfarm payrolls report due later on Friday, with economists polled by Reuters forecasting the U.S. economy to have added 200,000 jobs in December.
“Today, it’s exactly the same narrative as yesterday. If the labour market is doing well, then we’re likely to see more dollar strength,” HYCM’s Coghlan said, adding that a payrolls number towards the lower end of expectations could see the dollar weaken and give comfort to the Fed that their hiking cycle is working.
December’s flash inflation figures for the euro zone will also be out on Friday, where expectations are for an annual inflation rate of 9.7 percent, down from 10.1 percent in November.
Data from Germany, France, Italy and Spain have already showed a slowdown in inflation last month, suggesting that euro zone consumer prices should have eased in December.
“Lower energy prices are likely to have driven a marked fall in headline CPI inflation in December,” said Hann-Ju Ho, senior economist, commercial banking at Lloyds Bank in a note.
“However, this will likely provide limited comfort for ECB policymakers, especially as core inflation excluding food and energy is forecast to continue accelerating.”
Elsewhere, sterling was last 0.2 percent lower at $1.1883, having fallen to a six-week low of $1.1873 on Thursday.
The Aussie was last little changed at $0.6753, after sliding 1.3 percent in the previous session and reversing most of the gains it made earlier in the week on news that China has eased its restrictions on coal imports from Australia.
The kiwi was flat at $0.6220, following a 1 percent slump on Thursday, and was on track for a weekly loss of close to 2 percent, its worst since September.