Goldman Sachs ‘most bearish’ on Philippine peso
MANILA, Philippines—Investment banking giant Goldman Sachs expects the Philippine peso to underperform among regional currencies and weaken against the US dollar this year as imports flood the recovering economy and enlarge the current account deficit.
Goldman Sachs Economics Research in a Jan. 23 report said it was “most bearish” on the peso among emerging Asian market currencies despite the upgraded gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecast of 7.7 percent for 2022.
Goldman Sachs sees “strong economic rebound” in the Philippines this year following one of the longest and strictest COVID-19 lockdowns in the world, although this month’s Omicron surge and ensuing tighter restrictions were a downside risk to first-quarter growth.
“Over the course of the year, as the economy reopens, we expect the government to focus on its ‘Build, Build, Build’ infrastructure spending program, which slowed down during the pandemic from lower construction activity,” Goldman Sachs said.
“The combination of infrastructure spending, a revival in economic activity, higher oil prices (note that Philippines is a large net energy importer, of about 3.6 percent of GDP in 2021) should drive the current account deficit to widen to 2.2 percent of GDP in 2022 from 1.2 percent in 2021,” it said.
“We think the current account will be the main driver of the foreign exchange market and thus we maintain our bearish outlook on the peso,” Goldman Sachs added, referring to the net stash of US dollars diminished by import payments.
Other banks and economic think tanks expect double-digit imports growth, and the wide trade-in-goods deficit owing to a slower increase in exports, to have been sustained in December 2021.
ING projected 28.6-percent growth in imports outpacing a 9.1-percent exports increase last December or a bit smaller trade deficit of $4.3 billion from November’s record $4.7 billion. HSBC forecast a $4.5-billion trade deficit last month with 27-percent imports growth and 2.7-percent exports rise. DBS said the December deficit likely stayed over $4 billion.
Capital Economics’ forecast was a 40-percent imports jump and 12-percent exports climb in December, while Pantheon Macroeconomics estimated a $4.4-billion goods trade deficit if imports grew 29 percent year-on-year and exports rose 7.5 percent.
“Exports still have plenty of scope to play catch-up to the regional recovery, but the signals from South Korea and China’s trade data point to downside risks,” Pantheon Macroeconomics senior Asia economist Miguel Chanco said on Monday.
The government’s report in December and full-year 2021 foreign trade will be out on Thursday (Jan. 27).
On capital flows, Goldman Sachs said these “should be a moderate driver of the forex market” as its equity strategy team had “a neutral outlook on Philippine equities while foreign participation in the bond markets is limited.”
Last week, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Governor Benjamin Diokno said he expects the economy’s solid fundamentals to stabilize the peso despite depreciation risks coming from the looming interest rate hikes of the US Federal Reserve.
Asked at last Thursday’s GBED Talks press briefing if the peso may weaken to 52 against the US dollar in the near term from the current 51:$1 level, Diokno replied: “I do not speculate. The peso will remain market-driven.”
“We expect it to continue to reflect the economy’s long-run macroeconomic fundamentals—meaning, manageable inflation environment, strong and resilient banking system, a prudent fiscal position, and an ample level of international reserve buffer,” Diokno said.
“The stability of the peso will be supported by structural inflows from exports, overseas Filipino remittances, BPO [business process outsourcing] receipts, and foreign direct investments (FDI),” he said.
“These inflows are seen to continue as the domestic economy recovers and external demand strengthens owing to the global economic recovery,” the BSP chief added.
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.