More liquidity won’t boost PH growth unless Covid-19 is controlled
Further monetary easing by the central bank will do little to prop up Philippine economic growth unless local authorities are able to successfully control the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the country, which has so far infected 307, 288 and killed 5,381 Filipinos.
Thus said Hong Kong-based banking giant HSBC in its latest report, which also noted that “people’s mobility in the country remains the lowest in Asean, and there hasn’t been much improvement even after the lockdown measures in Metro Manila were eased in mid-August.”
“Despite the challenging economic outlook, we don’t believe additional rate cuts at this juncture would be supportive of growth,” HSBC said. “The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has already been one of the most aggressive central banks globally, reducing its policy rate by 175 basis points to a record low of 2.25 percent this year.”
HSBC said that, despite this, bank lending growth had declined to its lowest pace in over 10 years.
“This suggests that corporate and individual borrowers remain wary of adding leverage given ongoing economic uncertainties,” the bank said. “Thus a containment of the virus domestically is likely to be a prerequisite before additional rate cuts lead to a pickup in loan growth.”
Because of this, HSBC pushed back its earlier 25-basis point rate cut forecast to the first quarter of 2021.
The Monetary Board will meet on Thursday, Oct. 1, to decide on interest rate policy, although BSP Governor Benjamin Diokno had recently indicated that he wants to assess how the central bank’s earlier measures have impacted on the economy before acting further.
HSBC noted that the Philippine economy continues to reel from COVID-19, with new daily cases also remaining elevated, despite slowing from their peak.
“The persistence of COVID-19 will continue to weigh on the country’s economic recovery in the quarters ahead,” the bank said, adding that it expects growth of just 5.8 percent in 2021, after a 9.6-percent contraction this year.
Meanwhile, HSBC said that, with the impact of rate cuts limited for now, “the BSP appears more willing to move beyond its traditional monetary tools to stimulate growth.”
Earlier this month, President Duterte signed an economic stimulus bill, which raised the amount the central bank could provide to the government for COVID-19 relief: an additional 10 percentage points on top of the 20 percent of the government’s average revenue over last three years.
This equates to an additional P282 billion or 1.4 percent of gross domestic product. The additional amount must be borrowed within two years and repaid within one year, with a potential one-year extension. The initially authorized 20 percent has a maximum repayment deadline of six months.
The Inquirer Foundation supports our healthcare frontliners and is still accepting cash donations to be deposited at Banco de Oro (BDO) current account #007960018860 or donate through PayMaya using this link .
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.