PH debt further rose to new high of P8.89 trillion in May
MANILA, Philippines — With more foreign loans and domestic borrowings availed in May to finance the fight against COVID-19, the national government’s outstanding debt stock further climbed to a fresh high of P8.89 trillion.
In a report Tuesday, the Bureau of the Treasury said total outstanding obligations at end-May rose 3.4 percent from P8.6 trillion a month ago and went up by a faster 12.3 percent from P7.9 trillion a year ago.
The Treasury attributed the month-on-month increase in debt to “increased reliance on government securities issuance and external loan availments to fund COVID-19 response amid a sharp drop in revenue collections.”
At the end of the first five months, cumulative tax and non-tax revenues slid 16.1 percent year-on-year to P1.1 trillion.
End-May domestic debt of P6.03 trillion, which accounted for 68 percent of total, increased 2.9 percent from P5.9 trillion a month ago as the Treasury sold more T-bills and bonds.
Foreign debt as of May reached P2.9 trillion, up 4.4 percent from P2.7 trillion in April as “net availment of external loans amounted to P114.01 billion as part of continued government efforts to secure financing for the COVID-19 response while local currency depreciation added P7.65 billion to the peso value of external obligations.”
The Treasury noted that the peso weakened against the US dollar to 50.585:$1 in May from 50.444 against the greenback last April.
Last May, the Cabinet-level Development Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC) projected the debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio to reach 49.8 percent by yearend, equivalent to a record P9.6 trillion in debt, before further rising to 51.5 percent in 2021 and 52.3 percent in 2022.
The last time that the Philippines had a debt-to-GDP ratio above 50 percent was 50.2 percent in 2010.
Prior to the COVID-19 crisis, this debt ratio reflecting a country’s ability to pay its obligations had been on a downward path and fell to a low of 39.6 percent in 2019.
Department of Finance (DOF) officials had nonetheless said that local debt will account for about three-fourths of yearly borrowings to temper foreign exchange risks.
Ateneo Center for Economic Research and Development (ACERD) director Alvin P. Ang told an online forum last month that “the Philippines had really not borrowed [much offshore] in the last 10 years, and even if we borrow right now… [the government] has the capacity to absorb some more loans,” citing that external debt as a share of GDP was just 23.5 percent in 2018.
The Inquirer Foundation supports our healthcare frontliners and is still accepting cash donations to be deposited at Banco de Oro (BDO) current account #007960018860 or donate through PayMaya using this link .
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.