Inflation aggravated by weak peso but yearend relief coming, says BSP
Some of the price increases that have pushed the country’s inflation rate to its highest in nearly a decade can be attributed to a weak peso, which has been on a downtrend since the start of the year, according to Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas Deputy Gov. Diwa Guinigundo.
An interest rate rate hike – which market watchers expect to be announced after next week’s Monetary Board meeting — may help cap the inflation rate by stabilizing the local currency.
“The economy is robust enough to accommodate a rate hike,” Guinigundo said on the sidelines of a press briefing by the Duterte administration’s economic managers on Tuesday.
Any rate hike that may be ordered by monetary authorities, he explained, will serve a threefold purpose of buttressing the peso against the US dollar, capping the inflation rate and improving the credibility of the central bank vis-a-vis its mandate of keeping prices stable.
He pointed out that, as a rule of thumb, every 1 percent decline in the value of the peso against the dollar results in an increase in the national inflation rate by 0.06 percent.
“The exchange rate has declined 8 percent year-to-date,” Guinigundo said. “So that will be around 0.48 percent [of the latest inflation rate of 6.4 percent].”
This supports the assertion of Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III that the high inflation rate is partly due to external factors, he explained.
“When the US Fed starts jacking up interest rates, that causes capital to move out, and the peso starts depreciating,” Guinigundo added.
He noted, however, that the economy remained attractive to investors as evidenced by the steady inflows of short-term portfolio investments, as well as long-term foreign direct investments
“With respect to foreign portfolio investments, we have to emphasize that from the beginning of the year to today, we see a $600-million net inflow of portfolio investments,” he said. “And in the case of FDIs, that’s about $5.8 billion net FDIs representing 42 percent over the previous year’s amount of $4 billion.”
According to Guinigundo, authorities still believe the inflation rate will peak within the third quarter of 2018 – leaving the possibility that the rate will still rise for the current month – while non-monetary measures being implemented by the government will kick in in the fourth quarter to cap the increase in consumer prices.
“We also expect that for the rest of the year, [dollars from] overseas remittances and business process outsourcing [firms] will be coming in in a bigger way,” he said. “This is the holiday season and the exchange rate will start shaping up.” /atm
Subscribe to INQUIRER PLUS to get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.