Creating ‘good jobs’ an overwhelming challenge to Aquino gov’t—World Bank


DAVAO CITY—A World Bank official has called the huge number of unemployment and underemployment in the Philippines as a huge challenge for the Aquino administration.

“The need for good jobs — jobs that raise real wages or bring people out of poverty — is an overwhelming challenge,” Motoo Konoshi, World Bank Country Director, speaking before hundreds of local and international delegates at the Philippine Development Forum at the Marco Polo hotel here on Monday, said.

He cited collaboration as a simple formula to address the situation.

“We all need to collaborate a lot to ensure that all of our programs and assistance or policy reforms are filtered through the lens of the creation of jobs,” he said.

He said inclusive growth (creating jobs), the focus of the conference, meant addressing the need to create a total of 14.6 million jobs in the Philippines between now and 2016.

Konishi placed at 10 million the number of unemployed or underemployed Filipinos, with 1.1 million more entering the labor force every year,  or a total of 14.6 million jobs that should be created during President Aquino’s term.

He said the domestic job market in the formal, services, manufacturing industries and jobs abroad have not been enough to absorb a lot of people getting into the labor force.

Konishi said that to address the labor problem, all other sectors in the economy, particularly agribusiness and agriculture, must contribute more significantly in creating jobs and reducing poverty.

He made special mention of Mindanao as an island in the Philippines that has been in urgent need of more jobs.

“Job creation is more urgent in Mindanao as jobs contribute also to social cohesion,” Konishi, also PDF co-chair, said.

Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Arsenio Balisacan said that to meet the targeted inclusive growth of the Aquino administration, a special focus should be given to priority economic drivers, most especially, employment.

Balisacan, in an interview at the sidelines of the opening of the two-day PDF, said the country’s economic planners have been giving “a big push to employment so growth will fully become inclusive.”

He said the big challenge for 2013 would be focusing on the fundamentals like employment so Filipinos could feel and experience the growth.

Creating new drivers of growth, particularly manufacturing, BPO, tourism and agribusiness would create more quality jobs, he said.

In his speech, Balisacan said the country’s initial estimates suggested that US$3B in investments in BPO, tourism, and agribusiness would create 621,000 jobs, both directly and indirectly through multiplier effects.

Tourism, he said, would expand job opportunities in the countryside.  “To generate more and better employment, we need to simplify labor regulations to enable industries to adapt to the country’s changing economic structure. We will also continue to address problems of skills mismatch,” he said.

Meanwhile, Mindanao Development Authority (Minda) Secretary Luwalhati Antonino remains bullish about the prospects of Mindanao in business and development, with the awaited signing of the peace pact between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

Antonino, who made the Mindanao presentation during the PDF, said Mindanao’s economy has been faring well in the last two years, and that despite the global challenges and the natural disasters that hit Mindanao in 2011 and 2012, the last two years also showed not only major reforms and economic resilience, but also breakthroughs in the peace process with MILF.

Antonino, however, warned that extreme weather conditions brought about by climate change could easily wipe out what communities and industries have built over the years.

Antonino also appealed for national government’s support to help speed up Mindanao’s full recovery and increase Mindanao’s resiliency to climate change.

She said that this can be done without setting aside the development in areas that will soon be included in the Bangsamoro.

Antonino said the experience with Tropical Storm “Sendong” and Typhoon “Pablo” showed how easy it is for typhoons and flooding to wipe out communities and industries built over the years.

“Natural occurrences such as these are bound to happen and are beyond our control so let us work on what is within our capacity to control and manage,” she said.

“Reconstruction efforts toward full recovery and long term development of typhoon hit areas should be fast-tracked,” Antonino said.

“The governance, economic and peace landscape of Mindanao is positively changing,” Antonino said. “But we have also seen that even these positive developments can be threatened by our changing climate and natural environment.

“As we brace for what seem to be a new norm for Mindanao, the more that we should be cohesive in making Mindanao more resilient to shifting natural environment as well as the changing global developments,” she said.

Get Inquirer updates while on the go, add us on these apps:

Inquirer Viber

Disclaimer: The comments uploaded on this site do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of management and owner of We reserve the right to exclude comments that we deem to be inconsistent with our editorial standards.

  • rodben

    In fact even without the survey of the WORLD BANK some times visit our International  Airport around the Phil. you can experience too much people line-up in OFW line,compared to that few numbers ( count by your finger ) of visitors line.

  • rodben

    The BIG QUESTION IS DOES INVESTORS ARE COME BACK AGAIN upon the creation of this STUPID CONTRACTUALIZATION LAW? In Singapore once the Employees retired they are rich because they have a pension from their company but still more and more investors are investing in Singapore, while in Pinas once the employees retired they are poor as a rat because no benefits from their company. How can Pinas reduce the poverty and reduce the most widen gap b/w poor and rich? Maybe the President like Marcos style is not yet born.

  • rodben

    I think the mass jobless in Pinas was start in 1986 the creation of CONTRACTUAL LAW IN THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND EMPLOMENT until then no administration attempt to abolish these STUPID LAW they are thinking more investors will come-in but the 

  • disqusted0fu

    Instead of creating jobs, the Aquino administration creates diversions so that they have more liberty in accomplishing their political interests. This is why in spite of hearing ‘good news’ about the country and Pnoy’s administration, millions of Filipinos still suffer from poverty and joblessness. 

  • agustin

    Creating jobs is not a priority. the most priority now is election. the money is reserved to LP candidates. He he he !

  • jeronimo

    This goes well with Ka Doro’s article….

  • superpilipinas

    But instead of prioritizing the creation of jobs which would have immediate and far reaching impact, this stupid administration preferred to prioritize RH which would only have impact after more than 10 years.

    On top of this, this admin would not prioritize FOI which prevents few people from taking advantage of our tax payers money. FOI would make tax payers money benefit all Filipinos.

    Then when the next congress goes into session, the allies of this administration will try to prioritize Divorce so as to delay FOI again.

    The conclusion: this admin has deliberately corrupted priorities. That in itself is corruption.

    Aquino is corrupt because he did not prioritize FOI. 

  • wawa2172

    “A World Bank official has called the huge number of unemployment and
    underemployment in the Philippines as a huge challenge for the Aquino

    This is something the PNoy admin won’t be able to hide, its the realiy: lack of jobs and not only that good jobs. While the admin is hailing high heaven its high growth rates it does not equate however to lot’s of jobs. It could only mean good profit among investors but may not contribute to creating good jobs. Most of the worker in manufacturing and labors force are on job order basis and is available to workers for only 5 months. Even if we produce skilled workers and professionals, productivity suffers because of lack of security of tenure wost 13th month benefits and bonuses are deprive on workers having j.o. status. Most workers nowadays are provided by job agencies who profits on salary cuts in workers pay. Even in government sector, napakaraming job order employee. Worst marami are relatives of those who are in power and wala naman masyadong ginagawa kundi mag text. Sa Cagayan de Oro City, marami ang naka assign sa terminal fee booth, isa ang taga kolekta while the others are busy texting and making unlimited calls. 

  • joboni96

    gusto na naman tayong ilugmok
    sa utang

    ang imperialist world bank na ito

    ito ang nagpasimuno ng
    utang development
    sa bayan natin

    barahin natin ito

To subscribe to the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper in the Philippines, call +63 2 896-6000 for Metro Manila and Metro Cebu or email your subscription request here.

Factual errors? Contact the Philippine Daily Inquirer's day desk. Believe this article violates journalistic ethics? Contact the Inquirer's Reader's Advocate. Or write The Readers' Advocate:

c/o Philippine Daily Inquirer Chino Roces Avenue corner Yague and Mascardo Streets, Makati City,Metro Manila, Philippines Or fax nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94


editors' picks



latest videos